The History of Physiotherapy



At least as early as the days of Hippocrates, massage was used and the history of physiotherapy was begun. The practice of physiotherapy has evolved through the centuries from the earliest forms to the complex system of treatment it is now.

In 460 B.C. Hector was using a type of physiotherapy called hydrotherapy, or water therapy. Professionals use this type of therapy today, although it is more specialized for each type of condition that the patients have.

In 1894, there is the first evidence of a group of nurses in the history of physiotherapy with a Chartered Society. Within twenty years, physiotherapy programs were set up in other countries. New Zealand's started in 1913 and America's in 1914.

The first American professionals in the history of physiotherapy were from the Walter Reed College and Hospital in Portland Oregon. Rather than being called physiotherapists, they were called reconstruction aides. These aides were nurses and they had a physical education background. They were important in the recovery of many World War I veterans.

Research has been done throughout the modern history of physiotherapy. In fact, right near the very beginning, a research study was done in the US. It was published in 1921. Physiotherapy research continues today in a myriad of specialties.

Also in 1921, the Physical Therapy Association was formed by Mary McMillan. This group later became the APTA, arguably the most influential organization in the American history of physiotherapy.

The Georgia Warm Springs Foundation was started in 1924 to deal with the ever-growing epidemic of polio. The foundation offered physiotherapy for these patients. Sister Kinney was known nationally for her work with polio victims. She practiced at the Mayo Clinic. The polio epidemic was a turning point in the history of physiotherapy.

After the polio epidemic had waned, the treatments of choice were massage, exercise, and traction. In about 1950, chiropractic manipulations came on the scene in the history of physiotherapy. This was most common in Great Britain.

After that time, the history of physiotherapy moved from hospitals into other arenas of service. There were, and are, physiotherapists working in clinics, private practices, nursing homes, and schools. The Orthopedics specialty of physiotherapy was born about this time, also.

The International Federation of Orthopaedic Manipulative Therapy came onto the scene, and began making changes and has influenced the profession ever since. Mariano Rocabado was a physiotherapist who had a profound impact. Freddy Kaltenborn, from Norway, influenced physiotherapy on the east coast of the US. At the same time, Geoffrey Maitland of Australia changed the way training was done in the history of physiotherapy.

The focus during the 1980s history of physiotherapy was on technology. New procedures came about that used computers, ultrasound, electrical stimulation, and other devices. By the 1990s, interest had shifted to manual therapy, with Freddy Kaltenborn again leading the way.

During the history of physiotherapy, training and practice have changed and improved. Many brilliant pioneers have left their marks in the literature and organizations of the field. Physiotherapy is a well-respected profession as a result.





By Anders Eriksson
You may contact me through my Help Desk


Comments

*Name:
*Email:
Website URL:
Title / Subject:
Hide my email
*Comments:
*
 



Menu


My Articles

The Benefits Of Physiotherapy For Amputee Rehabilitation
Pediatric Disorders And Physiotherapy To Help Them
The Alexander Technique Of Physiotherapy
What Physiotherapy Has To Do With Cardiac Surgery
Physiotherapy Helps Postural Problems
The History Of Physiotherapy
Why Down Syndrome Physiotherapy Should Be Started Early
How Physiotherapy Can Help With Sports Injuries
The Types Of Neurological Conditions And Physiotherapy Used
Why Physiotherapy Can Help Women's Health
Some Physiotherapy Asthma Management May Be Questionable
What Is Physiotherapy?
Using Physiotherapy To Deal With Occupational Injury
Why Physiotherapy Is So Important In Stroke Rehabilitation
What Spinal Cord Injury Patients Can Accomplish With Physiotherapy
Types Of Physiotherapy That Help Lower Back Pain
What Are Physiotherapy Costs And Will Insurance Pay?
Physiotherapy Statistics
How Physiotherapy Fits In With Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment
The Busy Field Of Geriatric Physiotherapy
How To Check Physiotherapy Credentials
How To Make The Most Of A Physiotherapy Assessment
What Is Chronic Airways Disease And How Can Physiotherapy Help?
How To Start A Physiotherapy Career





   Related Sites

My Articles


Why Physiotherapy Can Help Women's Health The subject of women's health encompasses a range of issues that can be..


Types Of Physiotherapy That Help Lower Back Pain Lower back pain plagues Americans to the extent that 80% will..


The History Of Physiotherapy At least as early as the days of Hippocrates, massage was used and the history..


How Physiotherapy Can Help With Sports Injuries When players have sports injuries, they turn to physiotherapy for..



Related Products:

Related News:

 
Third of NHS hospitals lack physiotherapy input into pre-op assessment of ... - Chartered Society of Physiotherapy

    

Chartered Society of Physiotherapy

Third of NHS hospitals lack physiotherapy input into pre-op assessment of ...
Chartered Society of Physiotherapy
Research has found that nearly 35 per cent of hospitals in England, Wales, Northern Ireland did not involve physiotherapists in pre-operative assessments of patients needing lower limb amputations.




Duncan man guilty of sexually assaulting his physiotherapy patients - Times Colonist

    

Times Colonist

Duncan man guilty of sexually assaulting his physiotherapy patients
Times Colonist
Crichton was originally charged in March 2011 with five counts of sexual assault, alleged to have occurred between 1996 and June 2009 while he was practising at Cowichan Physiotherapy. At the time, the RCMP encouraged other victims to come forward.

and more »